Born on 25 October, 1925, to Ashutosh Bhaduri and Shailabala Debi, at Dinajpur, Tripti Mitra was an icon of Bengali theatre and films. She had most of her school and college education in Kolkata.
Tripti was attracted to the world of acting during her teen years, but the turning point for her acting career occurred when she acted in her cousin Bijon Bhattacharya’s play Agun in 1943. Noticed by eminent theatre personalities in the play, she became a member of the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) and acted in its productions of Bhattacharya’s Jabanbandi and Nabanna. In 1945 she married Sombhu Mitra. Along with some others the couple broke away from IPTA to form the group Bohurupee in 1948.
Tripti's performances were lauded for being realistic and moving. Some of her highly acclaimed plays were productions of Rabindranath Tagore`s Char Adhyay in 1951 and Raktakarabi in 1954, Raja in 1964, Sophocles’ Raja Oedipus in 1964, Badal Sircar’s Baki Itihas in 1967, Tendulkar’s Chup, Adalat Chalchhe and Nitish Sen’s Aparajita in 1971. She produced and directed Tagore’s Daakghor. Entering Bengali cinema in 1953 with Pathik, directed by Debaki Kumar Basu, she acted in films like Jukti Takko Aar Gappo, Dharti Ke Lal and Jago Hua Savera.
Tripti Mitra was honoured with the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1962 for theatre acting, and the Padmashri in 1971 by the Government of India. She passed away in May, 1989.