Rasa, Bhava And Sanchari: Textual Prescription & Changing Practices
Two factors pushed the original Natya Sastra text into the background. We have already referred to the growth of local languages and how regional authors produced their own texts. Secondly, over the centuries, Bharata's composite art of dance-theatre spawned specialisation into three distinct branches, namely, music, rhythm (nritta) and abhinaya. Of these, abhinaya as such became the central theme in several texts, starting with Abhinaya Darpana, while rhythm or nritta received special attention in texts like Nritta Ratnavali of Jayappa. Musical texts, which gave some space for dance, gave it up altogether with Ramamatya's Swaramela Kalanidhi, if not earlier. A little earlier, the classic Sangeeta Ratnakara gave it just a single chapter and Autnapatham only two short chapters. With Venkatamakhi's Chaturdandi Prakasika, music became totally independent of dance.
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