KUMAR GANDHARVA PRODIGT • GENIUS • REBEL • UNIQUE The Hubli-Dharwar region of Karnataka has presented the nation with many gifted vocalists who have won laurels in the realm of Hindustani music. Among the living legends are Mallikarjun Mansoor, Gangubai Hangal and Bhimsen Joshi. Some, alas, have crossed into eternity. Kumar Gandharva was one of them. VJNAYAKRAO PATWARDIIAN 1898-1975 The year 1998 was host to the birth centenaries of many stalwarts of music. Among them was that of Hindustani vocalist Pandit Vinayakrao Patwardhan. The following commemorative article was written by Senior Editor P.C. JAYARAMAN with Deputy Editor S. JANAKI. The authors are indebted to the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya in New Delhi for making available source materials and photographs. Its former Principal, the late Vinaychandra Maudgalya, was a disciple of Vinayakrao Patwardhan. USTAD AMIR KHAN (1912-1974) Ustad Amir Khan was easily the single most influential Hindustani vocalist of the 20th century. He was a rare musician, whose music deeply influenced his contemporaries and, more than forty years after his demise, continues to shape the dominant tendencies in vocal, as well as instrumental music. An eclectic, who enriched his basic grooming with several other influences, he set standards of musicianship that have yet to be bettered. With no interest in accumulating audiences, wealth or rewards, he represented the essence of the Indian tradition, which regards music as a mystical pursuit, with spiritual evolution as its primary reward. He sang for himself, and drew his listeners into a trance.